What Causes Vertebral Compression Fractures

What Causes Vertebral Compression Fractures

What causes vertebral compression fractures (VSFs)? Learn how a VSF can be diagnosed and treated in this neurosurgeon-edited guide.
A common cause of compression fractures is the disease osteoporosis. This disease thins the bones, often to the point that they are too weak to bear normal pressure. The thinning bones can collapse during normal activity, leading to a spinal compression fracture.
Causes and Risk Factors. Rarely, compression fractures occur in healthy vertebrae as a result of trauma. More often, the vertebra with a compression fracture is already weakened. The most common cause of weakening is osteoporosis, a condition that causes weak and brittle bones.
In severe cases of osteoporosis, actions as simple as bending forward can be enough to cause a "crush fracture," or spinal compression fracture. This type of .
Fractures caused by osteoporosis most often occur in the spine. These spinal fractures — called vertebral compression fractures — are almost twice as common .
Osteoporosis-related vertebral fractures can occur from activities as gentle as opening a window, and often go undiagnosed. For women, especially those with .

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